Bone fractures

Bone fractures

Bone fractures

An introduction:
Bone fractures are a common condition, the bone may be completely broken or partially broken in any number of ways
Roads (crosswise, longitudinally, in multiple parts.

The most common causes of fractures are:
– Traumatic accidents: such as sports injuries, car accidents, and falls.
– Osteoporosis: This disorder weakens bones and makes them more likely to break.
– Overuse of repetitive motion: Muscles can tire and put more force on
bone. This can lead to stress fractures (more common in athletes).

Risk factors:
– Gender: Women are much more likely to fracture than men, in fact one in two women
Over the age of 50 she will have a fracture during her life. This is due to the women’s bones
Even at their best (25 to 30 years old) they are generally smaller and have less dense bony bones
Age: Women lose more bone density than men as they age
Estrogen in menopause.

– Smoking: It is a risk factor for fracture due to its effect on hormone levels.
Women who smoke generally go through menopause at an early age.
– Corticosteroids: These are often prescribed to treat chronic inflammatory conditions, such as arthritis
rheumatoid, inflammatory bowel disease and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, but it can
The need to use them in increased doses leads to bone loss and fractures.
– Rheumatoid arthritis: an autoimmune disease, in which the body attacks
Healthy cells and tissues around joints, leading to joint loss and risk of injury
– Diabetic patients: People with type 1 diabetes often have dense
Low bones, which is where the vision problems and nerve damage that accompanies disease can
Diabetes often contributes to falls and fractures
– Previous fractures.
– Family history of hip fractures: increases the risk of hip fractures in their children.

Many fractures are very painful and may prevent the individual from moving the affected area
– Swelling and redness around the injury.
– Bruises.
– Deformity: a limb may appear out of place or part of the bone may penetrate the skin.

– Proper diet rich in calcium and vitamin D.
– Exercising may help prevent some fractures.

Common questions:
– How long does a broken bone take to heal?
Broken bones take about four to eight weeks to heal, depending on age and health
person and type of break.

Source: Saudi Ministry of Health